But it's not the nation's first major shift in governance nor amendments made to the constitution. 2006 December - EU partially freezes Turkey's membership talks because of Ankara's failure to open its ports and airports to Cypriot traffic. 1953: 27 July: Korean War: The war ended. See also the Sultanate of Rum, Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey. 2019 October - US withdraws troops from northern Syria, prompting Turkey to attack US Kurdish allies in the area. Contents. Later, some of them left Central Asia and spread around, establishing many states and empires independent from each … A labor law was accepted which represented the first step towards the Turkish Social Security System. Observers see this as part of power struggle with former AK Party ally and influential US-based Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen. History, map and timeline of Turkey 1500 BCE with the Hittites having established a powerful, war-like kingdom.. First Democratic Elections in Turkish Republic. Tzachas of Smyrna founds a beylik (principality) in İzmir, Western Anatolia and emerges as the first sea power in Turkish history. The Ottoman Turks: 13th - 14th century The first five-year development plan was accepted. The first Turkish-language mosque prayers began in Istanbul. The first Turkish Medical Congress was assembled. The Hagia Sofia mosque was converted to the Ayasofya (Hagia Sofia) Museum. 1980 - Military coup follows political deadlock and civil unrest. See History of Turkey. Jan 1, 1914. See also the Sultanate of Rum, Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey. Timeline of Turkish history Last updated February 07, 2020. 2015 March - The "Sledgehammer" coup plot trial collapses when a court clears 236 military officers accused of involvement in an alleged conspiracy to remove former Prime Minister Erdogan from power in 2003. Helpful Historical Timeline of Istanbul from Greek, to Roman, Byzantine, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire, and Turkish rule. 2013 December - Government sacks numerous police chiefs over arrests of pro-government public figures on corruption charges. The military has intervened directly in Turkish politics three times, and in 1997 carried out a “postmodern coup.” Long decline begins. 2016 February - Bomb attack on military convoy in the capital Ankara kills at least 38 people. Turkish athletes participated in the Summer Olympics of London 1948, where Turkish wrestlers took 6 gold medals. The UK capital is "highly likely" to enter tier three, our health editor says, as cases rise. 1952 - Turkey abandons Ataturk's neutralist policy and joins Nato. A hard-line breakaway PKK faction - the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks (TAK) - claims responsibility. Period: Feb 13, 600. to . 1955: 6 September Hancock to speak as London tier 3 move expected, Fighting the 'stigma' of dementia in Asian families. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. 1274 - The Hittites fight the Egyptian army under Ramesses II at the Battle of Kadesh. The Ministry of Religious Affairs and all religious schools were abolished. A historic referendum on constitutional changes in Turkey on April 16 will ask the electorate to vote on whether to approve an 18-article bill. In History. 2008 February - Thousands protest at plans to allow women to wear the Islamic headscarf to university. Turks first lived in Central Asia around 2000 BC. The history of Turkey tells of a 10.000 year old civilization. A law establishing an engineering school was accepted. Turkish women were granted the right to vote and be elected in Turkish parliamentary elections. During this time regions formed under the Mongols. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}A chronology of key events: 1453 - Sultan Mehmed II captures Constantinople, ending the Byzantine Empire and consolidating Ottoman Empire in Asia Minor and Balkans. By then another Turkish tribe, the Ottomans, are making their mark. 2009 October - The governments of Turkey and Armenia agree to normalise relations at a meeting in Switzerland. Here is a chronological timeline of the complete history of Turkey. Russia, Turkey's second-largest trading partner, imposes economic sanctions. 2007 January - Journalist and Armenian community leader Hrant Dink is assassinated. The extraordinary Independence Tribunals were abolished. 2014 August - Prime Minister Erdogan wins the first direct popular election for president. "Hat Law" was issued, abolishing religious dress. He named the city his new capital towards the end of 1923 and developed it in a European fashion. See History of the Republic of Turkey for the history of the modern state. Imposition of martial law. Prohibition of the fez. Here's a timeline of Turkey's constitutional history: (This event is known as the, The second political party in Turkey, the, A law separating religion from politics was accepted and passed in the, An Armenian named Manok Manukyan was executed in. 2010 May - Relations with Israel come under severe strain after nine Turkish activists are killed in an Israeli commando raid on an aid flotilla attempting to reach Gaza. Turkey was controlled by the Seljuq until the invasion Mongols. The Measurements Law was accepted, abolishing the former Arabic length and weight measurement units and replacing them with the metric system (kilogram instead of okka, meter instead of endaze, etc.). People live in the cave until a few centuries ago, making it one of the longest continuously-inhabited spots on earth. (, Kılıç Arslan II partitions the country into 11 provinces, each governed by one of his sons, Frederick Barbarossa of Third Crusade dies near. Turkey shoots down a Russian military jet on Syria bombing mission. 15th-16th centuries - Expansion into Asia … 2007 July - AK Party wins parliamentary elections. A cave at Karain, north of Antalya, is inhabited by humans, the oldest known evidence of habitation in Anatolia. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources . Turkish women entered a beauty contest for the first time. Just a quiet outpost at the time, Ankara grew rapidly in the years following Ataturk's victory. Within days Abdullah Gul resigns as prime minister and Erdogan takes over. The article "The official religion of Turkey is Islam" was removed from the constitution. A law establishing a medical faculty in Ankara was accepted. 1908 - Young Turk Revolution establishes constitutional rule, but degenerates into military dictatorship during First World War, where Ottoman Empire fights in alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary. In the latter half of the 11th century, the Seljuk Turks began penetrating into medieval Armenia and the eastern regions of Anatolia. One of these rgions was the Ottoman beylik. 2003 June-July - Eyeing future EU membership, parliament passes laws easing restrictions on freedom of speech, Kurdish language rights, and on reducing political role of military. 1750 – 658 BC: Hittites, possibly from the Caucasus found a kingdom in Anatolia (approx. Istanbul History Facts and Timeline (Istanbul, Marmara, Turkey) Perched on the gateway between the eastern and western civilisations of the world, Istanbul is one of the world's truly epic cities. 2016 June - A gun and suicide attack on Istanbul's Ataturk airport kills 42 people, including 13 foreign nationals. While todays Turkey was officially founded in 1923, the year 1909 officially ended the reign that made Turkey part of the Ottoman Empire. (Afterwards, in the first elections, 18 women were elected to the. 2015 November - Governing AK party regains parliamentary majority in snap elections, but falls short of numbers needed for referendum to boost President Erdogan's powers. 1984 - Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) launches separatist guerrilla war in southeast. 2016 July - The authorities detain thousands of soldiers and judges on suspicion of involvement in a coup attempt that President Erdogan says was inspired by his exiled opponent Fethullah Gulen. Few other modern cities today have as rich a pedigree of culture, commerce and significance. 1089 Hungarians defeat the Kipchaks. 1928 - Turkey becomes secular: clause retaining Islam as state religion removed from constitution. The non-religious nature of Turkish government has historically been enforced by the military since the Republic of Turkey was founded as a secular state … 1071 . 1974 - Turkish troops invade northern Cyprus. 2017 April - President Erdogan narrowly wins referendum to extend his powers. The Turkish Armed Forces has fought Kurdish rebellions in Turkish Kurdistan from the 1920s until the present day. The Surname Law was accepted, abolishing the former titles of. A law was accepted which established the Turkish Republic Central Bank. In addition to its many other names, the region begins to be referred to as Turkey - the land of the Turks. Turkey Timeline BCE. A Brief Outline of Turkish History The history of the Turks covers a time frame of more than 4000 years. 1938 - President Ataturk dies, succeeded by Ismet Inonu. Turkey. 1180 - The Hittite Empire collapses and divides into several smaller states. Here’s a very brief overview of some of the key moments in its history. A law was passed which abolished the lunar calendar in favor of the international calendar. Cultural History. Military officials forced an advisory committee on the government due to the increasing anarchical situation caused by the Right (fascist/capitalist) – Left (communist) clash and ineffective policies in maintaining order. End rule of Abdul Hamid; last of Ottoman sultans This marks the transition from the Ottoman Empire to one of the countries that resulted: modern-day Turkey. 1091 Kipchacks defeat the Pechenegs. Days later two co-ordinated suicide bombings at the British consulate and a British bank in the city kill 28 people. 2018 January - The Turkish military launches its ''Olive Branch'' land and air operation in north-western Syria, seizing large areas from Kurdish control, including the town of Afrin. The new identity survives the arrival of the Mongols in the 13th century and the end of the Seljuk dynasty in the early 14th century. On April 16, Turkey's citizens voted on a constitutional referendum that could keep President Erdogan in office for another two decades. 1918-22 - Partition of defeated Ottoman Empire leads to eventual triumph of Turkish National Movement in war of independence against foreign occupation and rule of Sultan. Religious courts were abolished and replaced with civil courts. 2019 June - President Erdogan suffers setback as opposition CHP party wins the mayoral election in his home city of Istanbul by a comfortable margin. Turkey truly is a crossroads of civilisations. 2003 March - AK Party leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan wins seat in parliament. The first female Turkish judges were appointed. 1999 - PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan captured in Kenya. Foundation of Ottoman State, Halil İnalcık, International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria, http://www.inalcik.com/images/pdfs/39409006FOUNDATiONOFOTTOMANSTATE.pdf, "NEGOTIATING FRAMEWORK: Principles governing the negotiations", "Başbakan Erdoğan Pakistan'da havai fişeklerle karşılandı", "Civilian Actors in the Turkish Military Drama of July 2016", "Istanbul nightclub attacked during New Year's party", "Tunisia's revolutionary youth disillusioned ahead of municipal elections", "Survivors remember horror in trial of Daesh massacre in Istanbul", "Erdogan: Operation in Syria's Afrin has begun", "Turkey's Erdogan declares early elections on June 24", "Reducing reliance on Russia, Turkey opens TANAP to carry Caspian gas to Europe", "Turkey opens TANAP pipeline that will bring Azerbaijani gas to Europe | DW | 12.06.2018", "Largest private sector investment STAR refinery set for grand opening next week", "STAR Refinery officially opens in western Turkey", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Turkish_history&oldid=993929657, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2008, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nov 29, 1906. The European Union (EU) agreed to begin negotiations on the eventual accession of Turkey. The first female Turkish surgeon, Dr. Suat, received her specialty. A Timeline of Erdogan's Rise to Power in Turkey. Welfare Party leader Necmettin Erbakan heads first pro-Islamic government since 1922. Mehmed of Danishmends dies and the Sultanate of Rum become the leading power of Anatolia for the second time. 2005 January - New lira currency introduced as six zeroes are stripped from old lira, ending an era in which banknotes were denominated in millions. London likely to enter tier 3 as infections rise, How fact met fiction in Le Carré's secret world, Tentative progress made as EU hints at concessions, Seeing my family at Christmas 'not worth the risk', Contact tracer: 'People threaten us and block our calls', The 'unsanitised' stories behind pioneering feminists, The surprise Christmas show for an audience of one, Fighting the 'stigma' of dementia in Asian families. 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